New Book about Human-Caused Earthquakes

Christian D. Klose’s book Frack this! unveils the shocking facts that humans can cause earthquakes. With illustrations, charts,and tables, Dr. Klose, as a distinguished researcher, brings together leading-edge discoveries from top scientists around the world. With worrisome clarity, the author describes in simple terms and in a nontechnical language the fundamental concept of human-caused earthquakes and their root causes. He shows how everyone can lay groundwork to keep earthquake risks in perspective and how to stay safe.

This groundbreaking book provides numerous examples of evidence ranging from tremors induced by the new fracking technology for producing oil and natural gas to earthquakes caused by secret nuclear underground tests that were performed in the US and the former Soviet Union since 1955. Other examples include mining earthquakes causing billions of dollars in damages and devastating earthquakes caused by the filling of artificial water reservoirs, such as the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China that took more 68,000 lives. Without opposing any of these technologies rather than illuminating associated risks, Frack this! provides practical, insightful, and engaging knowledge for everyone who is affected by or wants to know more about earthquakes caused by humans.

Selected Publications

2013 Klose, C.D., Mechanical and statistical evidence of the causality of human-made mass shifts on the Earth’s upper crust and the occurrence of earthquakes, Journal of Seismology doi:10.1007/s10950-012-9321-8 >>

2012 Dahm, T., D. Becker, M. Bischoff, S. Cesca, B. Dost, R. Fritschen, S. Hainzl, Klose, C.D. et al. Recommendation for the discrimination of human-related and natural seismicity, Journal of Seismology doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.01.050>>

2011 Klose, C.D., Evidence for higher tropical storm risks in Haiti due to increasing population density in hazard prone urban areas, Environmental Research Letters 6 044020 doi:10.1088/1748-9326/6/4/044020.>>

2011 Klose, C.D., Evidence for anthropogenic surface loading as trigger mechanism of the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, Environmental Earth Sciences, doi: 10.1007/s12665-011-1355-7;>> or at arXiv Physics-Geophysics:1007.2155 >>

2010 Klose, C.D., Human-triggered Earthquakes and Their Impacts on Human Security, Achieving Environmental Security: Ecosystem Services and Human Welfare, In: P.H. Liotta et al. (eds.), NATO Science for Peace and Security Series - E: Human and Societal Dynamics, vol. 69., 13-19. doi:10.3233/978-1-60750-579-2-13

2010 Klose, C.D., Webersik, C., Long-term impacts of tropical storms and earthquakes on human growth in Haiti and the Dominican Republic, Nature Precedings>>

2010 T. Dahm, S. Hainzl, D. Becker, M. Bischoff, S. Cesca, B. Dost, R. Fritschen, D. Kühn, S. Lasocki, Klose, C.D., Th. Meier, M. Ohrnberger, E. Rivalta, S. Shapiro, U. Wegler, How to discriminate induced, triggered and natural seismicity?, In: Induced Seismicity, European Center for Geodynamics and Seismology, Workshopon November 15-17, 2010.

2008 Klose, C.D., Reply to Comments on: Geomechanical modeling of the nucleation process of Australia's 1989 Newcastle earthquake, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 269(1-2), 303-307, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.01.050>>

2007 Klose, C.D., Mine Water Discharge and Flooding: A Cause of Severe Earthquakes, Mine Water and the Environment 26(3), 172-180, doi 10.1007/s10230-007-0006-4>>

2007 Klose, C.D. and L. Seeber, Shallow Seismicity in Stable Continental Regions Seismological Research Letters 76(5), 554-562.>>

2007 Klose, C.D., Health risk analysis of volcanic SO2 hazard on Vulcano Island (Italy), Natural Hazards,43(3), 303-317, doi:10.1007/s11069-007-9115-4>>

2007 Klose, C.D., Geomechanical modeling of the nucleation process of Australia's 1989 Newcastle earthquake, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 256, 547-553, doi:10.1016/j.epls.2007.02.009>>

2007 Klose, C.D., S. Loew, R. Giese, G. Borm, Spatial predictions of geological rock mass properties based on in-situ interpretations of multi-dimensional seismic data. Engineering Geology 93(3-4), 99-116. doi:10.1016/j.enggeo.2007.06.001>>

2006 Klose, C.D., Self-Organising Maps for Geoscientific Data Analysis: Geological Interpretation of Multi-dimensional Geophysical Data, Computational Geosciences 10, 265-277,


2005 Klose, C.D.., Seo, S., and Obermayer, K., A New Clustering Approach for Partiontioning Directional Data, IJRMMS 42, 315-321, doi:10.1016/j.ijrmms.2004.08.011>>

2002 Klose, C.D., Fuzzy rule-based expert system for short-range seismic prediction, Computers & Geosciences 28, 377-386, 10.1016/S0098-3004(01)00054-1>>

Books and Book Chapters

2010 Klose, C.D.,"Quando i terremoti sono causati dall’uomo: un rischio globale" in scientific Atlas Future of the Earth “Ecosphere” (UTET – De Agostini, Turin, 2010). (download at >>)

Conferences & Meetings (Selection)

Klose, C.D., Haiti's adaptation practices to tropical storm hazards between 1850-2010, AAG Meet. April. 2011 (Lecture)

Klose, C.D., L. Seeber, K. Jacob, Incorporating human-triggered earthquake risks into energy and water policies, AGU Fall Meet. Dec. 12-18 2010 NH. (Lecture)

Liotta, P. and Klose, C.D., Managing uncertainties of hazard risks – adaptation strategies to sustain human security, AGU Fall Meet. Dec. 12-18 2010 PA. (Lecture)

Webersik, C. and Klose, C.D. (2010), Another Easter Island? Climate change, human insecurity and politics in Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Climate Change and Security, 250th Anniversary Conference, Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters, June 21-24 2010, Trondheim, Norway.

Klose, C.D. and Webersik, C., (2010), Geohazards and their impacts on the political stability in Haiti and the Dominican Republic, 2010 Annual Meeting, April 14-18, 2010 -- Washington, DC

Klose, C.D., (2009), On to what extent stresses resulting from the earth's surface trigger earthquakes, AGU Fall Meet. S54A-08S54A-08. (Lecture)

Klose, C.D., (2009), Meteorological Hazards, Sustainable Development, And Political Stability: A Comparative Study For Haiti And The Dominican Republic between 1850 and 2007, International Studies Association Annual Convention "Exploring the Past, Anticipating the Future", New York, February 15-18 2009 (Lecture)

Klose, C.D. and C. Webersik (2009), Assessing The Inter-Relationship Between Geohazards, Sustainable Development, And Political Stability: A Comparative Study For Haiti And The Dominican Republic. 7th International Science Conference on Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change, Bonn (Germany), 26th-30th April 2009 (accepted as Lecture).

Klose, C.D., (2008), The 2008 M7.9 Wenchuan earthquake - Result of Local and Abnormal Mass Imbalances?, EOS Trans. AGU, 89(53), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract U21C-08. (Lecture)

Klose, C.D. and C. Webersik (2008), Understanding socio-economic impacts of geohazards aided by cyber-enabled systems, EOS Trans. AGU, 89(53), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract PA13B-1348 . (Poster)

Klose, C.D. (2008), CCS Optimization by AI Aided Geomechanical Modeling and Seismic Monitoring, Seventh Annual Conference on Carbon Capture & Sequestration, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, May 5 - 8, 2008

Klose, C.D., (2007), Coastal land loss and gain as potential earthquake trigger mechanism in SCRs, Eos Trans. AGU, 88(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract T51D-0759. (Poster)

KKlose, C.D. (2007), Risk Analysis of Nondeterministic GeoHazards, Risk 007: Agents of Analysis, Society For Risk Analysis Annual Meeting 2007, San Antonio, December 9-12, 2007

Klose, C.D. (2007), CO2 Injection-triggered Earthquakes and Policy Implications for Sustainable Development, Sixth Annual Conference on Carbon Capture & Sequestration, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, May 7 - 10, 2007

Klose, C.D., (2006), Scientific, Engineering, and Financial Factors of the 1989 Human-Triggered Newcastle Earthquake in Australia, EOS Trans. AGU, 87(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract GC44A-01. (Lecture)

Klose, C.D., (2006), Geoengineering Activities, Elasto-static Response of the Continental Crust, and Interpretation of its Complexity, November 2006 Bay Area Geophysical Society Meeting. (Lecture)

Klose, C.D., (2006). CO2 Long-Term Underground Storage: U.S. Safety Maps and Regulation Standards for Injection-Triggered Earthquakes, U.S. Department of Energy (National Energy Technology Laboratory), November 6, 2006, Pittsburgh, USA. (Lecture)

Klose, C.D., (2006). First Global Catalog of Human-Triggered Earthquakes (Status Quo 2005). Meeting of the Seismological Society of America Eastern Section, October 1-4, 2006, Ottawa, Canada. ( Lecture)

Klose, C.D., (2006). Human-Made Earthquakes - A Serious Geo-Economic Factor, EGEE’06 Conference, September 5-8, 2006, Geneva, Switzerland. (Lecture)

Klose, C.D., (2006). Human-triggered earthquakes and sustainable development of urban regions, NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Management of Urban Earthquake Risk in Central Asian and Caucasian Countries, Istanbul, May 15-19, 2006, Istanbul, Turkey. (Lecture)

Klose, C.D., (2006). Man-made earthquakes and the need of accurate site characterizations for CO2 geological storage, Proc. CO2SC International Symposium 2006, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, March 20-22, pp 221-223. (Poster)

Klose, C.D. and Seeber, L., (2005). Shallow Seismicity in Stable Continental Regions (SCRs): Implications for Earthquake Hazards, EOS Trans. AGU, 86(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S43D-06. (Lecture)